It is the dog days of summer, which means the heat index could likely hit 100 degrees or more. And, while the temperature outside is rising, so is the temperature inside your body, which can lead to heat exhaustion or even heatstroke if not monitored correctly. Here to talk with us today about enjoying the outdoors staying safe from the heat is Dr. Amr Kamhawy with UnityPoint Clinic.
Heat exhaustion occurs when the body is sweating but the sweat is not evaporating due to the humidity. The body's system becomes overloaded.
Some of the signs include:
Nausea and muscle weakness
Irritability and headaches
Increased sweating with, cool clammy skin
Elevation of body temperature
Heatstroke occurs if someone experiencing heat exhaustion does nothing. It occurs when the body stops controlling the temperature and the body temperature soars to 106 degrees or higher in 10-15 minutes. Heatstroke can cause permanent brain damage or even death if not treated immediately.
Always drink plenty of fluids before and during an activity in hot, sunny weather
Wear light-colored, loose-fitted clothing
Do not take place in rigorous activity between the hours of noon and 6 p.m.
Pay attention to heat advisories and other weather broadcasts and heed it
Bring the person inside or to shade immediately
Get rid of any unnecessary clothing items and fan or spray with cool water
Drink re-hydration drinks such as sports drinks that contain electrolytes
Rest for the next 24 hours and avoid strenuous activity for the next 1-3 days
If the condition seems serious (such as heatstroke), call 911 immediately